🍒 Triad (organized crime) - Wikipedia

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Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching. Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Facilitating the origins of Singapore gangs, the opium trade, prostitution and brothels were also banned. After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. They cooperate with the police to impede the expansion of triads and other organized gangs. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece. This is a conglomerate run by triad bosses which focuses particularly on methamphetamine and cocaine. Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money. After the People's Republic of China was founded in , secret societies in mainland China were suppressed in campaigns ordered by Mao Zedong. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. Asian gangs are found in many cities, primarily Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton. It has laundered money through junkets for high-stakes gamblers who visit Crown Casinos in Australia and Macau. The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Immigrants were encouraged to seek help from a local kongsi instead of turning to secret societies, which contributed to the societies' decline. The Hong Kong triad is distinct from mainland Chinese criminal organizations. At the national and, in some cases, provincial level, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 's Organized Crime Branch is responsible for investigating gang-related activities including triads. The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Triads were charged and imprisoned under British law. S and all groups and factions have now joined and aligned themselves as one large group. After World War II , the secret societies saw a resurgence as gangsters took advantage of uncertainty and growing anti-British sentiment. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists. Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods. The government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam purged and imprisoned organized criminals, including triads, in the Haiphong and Hanoi areas. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore. When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in in mainland China, law enforcement became stricter and a government crackdown on criminal organizations forced the triads to migrate to British Hong Kong. An estimated , triad members lived in Hong Kong during the s. From to , Southeast, East and South Asians accounted for 21 percent of gang deaths in British Columbia trailing only Caucasians, who made up The power of triads has also diminished due to the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption. Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. With Vietnamese independence in , organized crime activity was drastically reduced as Ho Chi Minh 's governments purged criminal activity in the country. According to Ho, abolishing crime was a method of protecting Vietnam and its people. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities. This article has multiple issues. These societies adopted the triangle as their emblem, usually accompanied by decorative images of swords or portraits of Guan Yu. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. During the 19th century, many such societies were seen as legitimate ways of helping immigrants from China settle into a new country. During the s and s, all illegal Sino-Vietnamese activities were eliminated by the Vietnamese police. Asian organized-crime groups were ranked the fourth-greatest organized-crime problem in Canada, behind outlaw motorcycle clubs, aboriginal crime groups and Indo-Canadian crime groups. Gradually, Chinese secret societies turned to drugs and extortion for income. They are often involved in migrant smuggling. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Diem banned brothels, massage parlours, casinos and gambling houses, opium dens, bars, drug houses and nightclubs, all establishments frequented by the triads. With pressure from Ho Chi Minh's police, Triad affiliates had to choose between elimination or legality. Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade. Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image. The commission targeted corruption in police departments linked with triads. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member. The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels. During the French colonial period , many businesses and wealthy residents in Saigon particularly in the Chinatown district and Haiphong were controlled by protection-racket gangs. In ancient China , the triad was one of three major secret societies. July This article possibly contains original research. The Organized Crime and Law Enforcement Act provides a tool for police forces in Canada to handle organized criminal activity. Rumors have it that triads have now migrated to the U. Secret societies were banned by the British government in Singapore during the s, and slowly reduced in number by successive colonial governors and leaders. Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution. Please improve the article by adding information on neglected viewpoints, or discuss the issue on the talk page. Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British Hong Kong was intolerant of secret societies, and the British considered the triads a criminal threat. They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region. The Asian Gang Unit of the Metro Toronto Police was formerly responsible for dealing with triad-related matters, but a larger unit was created to deal with the broad array of ethnic gangs. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist. In Australia, the major importer of illicit drugs in recent decades has been 'The Company', according to police sources in the region. There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong. Triad, a China-based criminal organization, secret association or club, was a branch of the secret Hung Society. During the Vietnam War , the triads were eliminated in the north; in the south, Republic of Vietnam corruption protected their illegal activities and allowed them to control US aid. The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. The generic use of the word "triads" for all Chinese criminal organizations is imprecise; triad groups are geographically, ethnically, culturally and structurally unique. The society was fragmented, and one group known as the Triad and the Ching Gang became a criminal organization. This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA. The act enhances the general role of the Criminal Code with amendments to deal with organized crime in dealing with criminal triad activities. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number. Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s. The number of groups has consolidated to about 50, of which 14 are under police surveillance. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags. Two features which distinguish a black society from a dark force are the ability to achieve illegal control over local markets, and receiving police protection. Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}A triad is a Chinese transnational organized crime syndicate based in Greater China and has outposts in various countries with significant overseas Chinese populations. In , it was estimated that criminal gangs associated with triads controlled 90 percent of the heroin trade in Vancouver , British Columbia. There are no longer any separations with rivals or groups, including United Bamboo and 14k. In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads in Hong Kong are less involved with "traditional" criminal activity and are becoming associated with white-collar crime ; traditional initiation ceremonies rarely take place to avoid official attention. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths. The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe. Most Chinese secret societies, including the triads and some of the remaining Ching Gang, relocated to British-controlled Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and overseas countries particularly the US and competed with the Tong and other Chinese secret societies. On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking. According to the University of Hong Kong, most triad societies were established between and and there were once more than in the territory.